Acne is one of the most common skin conditions, affecting 80 to 90 percent of people during their lifetime. Acne usually starts in the teen years as a result of the hormonal changes that occur during this time. These hormones can cause excess oil to build up in the skin's pores. Acne can also affect adults, often beginning in their mid- twenties and persisting for many years.
Acne is caused by the sebaceous glands which produce an oily substance called sebum. This oil can mix with dead skin cells in the pores (follicles). The pore becomes clogged and possibly inflamed. Acne may appear as whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. Occasionally they may become infected, rupture the wall of the pore and be quite painful.
Acne can appear on your face, back, chest, shoulders and/or neck. It may take several weeks for an acne lesion to be seen on the skin and 8-12 weeks for the breakout to run its course. Unfortunately, the risk of scarring is always present.
Acne is caused by several factors including: genetics, hormones, bacteria, inflammation, and/or an overabundance of skin oils. It is often believed that lack of washing, chocolate or deep fried foods can cause acne, however, this is untrue.
Rosacea is a common skin disease affecting men and women of all ages. Fair skinned adults, between the ages of 30 and 50, are at a higher risk.
Rosacea causes a redness or flushing of the face in its early stages. It may progress to persistent redness in the face and involve the ears, chest and back. Identifying it is the first step to controlling it, but people may not recognize rosacea in its early stages. Symptoms may include facial flushing due to dilated small blood vessels, pimples and the prominence of enlarged blood vessels.
Dermatologists often recommend a combination of treatments for the best results. These can include topical medications and creams. Oral antibiotics may also be prescribed. Improvement can be seen within 3 to 4 weeks, but it may take several months to reduce redness.
Eczema or dermatitis are terms often used to describe inflamed skin conditions. A special type is called atopic dermatitis which indicates an inflammation of the nose and lungs as well. It is often seen in families with a family history of allergies.
Atopic dermatitis is very common. Infantile eczema begins in infancy, appearing mainly on the face and scalp as an itchy, oozing and crusty rash. Many babies experience improvement or may outgrow the condition by the time they are two years of age. Treatment is available to help control the symptoms and offer relief.
Eczema can also appear in teens and young adults, usually on hands and feet. It may also affect elbows, knees, wrists and other areas where the skin bends. Eczema typically causes the skin to be dry with red or gray scaly patches. Areas of the skin can become thickened and people may suffer from intense itching.
Treatment involves an examination by a dermatologist who may prescribe topical medications, as well as antihistamines for the itching. Sometimes ultraviolet light treatments may be recommended. The disease can usually be controlled with proper treatment.
Psoriasis is a persistent skin disorder with red, thickened areas and silvery scales. It often appears on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back. The cause of psoriasis is unknown. What is known is that inflammation triggers the skin to grow too rapidly. The disorder can often be triggered by sun, infections, weather and emotions.
Several treatments offer relief. However, it may take multiple visits to a dermatologist and different types of treatment to control the condition. Topical and oral medications, natural sunlight and ultraviolet light therapy may be prescribed. Cortisone injections may be used in difficult areas; however, caution must be used to avoid side effects.
Many conditions, diseases and improper hair care can lead to excess hair loss. A dermatologist can ask questions, examine the scalp and determine whether the loss is normal or in need of treatment. Triggers for hair loss can include everything from a high fever or nutritional problem to an inherited condition. Other causes for hair loss can include:
Actinic keratoses (AKs) are also called solar keratoses. They are considered to be the earliest stage in the development of skin cancer and should be taken seriously. AKs are common lesions of the epidermis (outermost layer of the skin), and are caused by long-term exposure to sunlight.
Chronic sun exposure damages the skin cells and changes the texture so the skin becomes rough, scaly or mottled. Further changes in cell growth can allow AKs to progress to squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer.
AKs are most commonly found on fair-skinned people usually on the sides of the forehead, ears, scalp and backs of the hands. The lesions can range from the size of a pin head to larger than a quarter. They may feel like sandpaper.
There are several treatment options for AKs In all treatments there is some redness to the site until healing has been completed. Treatments include:
Skin cancer is the most prevalent of all types of cancers with more than one million Americans developing skin cancer every year. Fair-skinned people are at the highest risk for developing skin cancer, especially those who sunburn easily.
There are three types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma.
1. Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type. It frequently appears on the head, neck and hands as a small, fleshy bump, nodule or red patch. A basal cell carcinoma can also appear as a sore that seems to heal, but recurs repeatedly. The good news is that they are slow growing. However, early detection and removal is important. Any lesion or sore that does not heal should be evaluated by a dermatologist, who will examine it and decide whether to perform a biopsy. Studies show that a person who develops a basal cell carcinoma has a 40 percent risk of reoccurrence. It is important to monitor and keep follow-up appointments with a dermatologist.
2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common skin cancer. Usually found in fair skinned people in the areas of the ear, face, lips and mouth. Persons with light skin, who sunburn easily are at the highest risk, although anyone can get squamous cell carcinoma. Heavy sun exposure and severe sunburns as a child may increase the likelihood of skin cancer. Appearing as a bump or crusty red, scaly patch, squamous cell carcinoma can develop into large masses and become invasive. A skin biopsy for microscopic examination is usually necessary to confirm diagnosis. When found early and treated properly, the cure rate for both basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas is over 95 percent. Surgical treatment options can vary depending on the size, location and microscopic characteristics of the tumor as well as other factors.
3. Malignant Melanoma is the most deadly of all skin cancers. If it spreads (metastasizes) to the internal organs, it can be life threatening, but if found in its early stage, it is almost always curable.
The sun and other ultraviolet light sources are triggers for melanoma. Heredity is also an influence if a close sibling has had a melanoma.
It's important to examine the skin all over your body once a month and have a physician check every year. Being aware of any skin changes can be key in stopping the disease as soon as possible. By acknowledging the five warning signs of melanoma we hope you will be aware that changes in moles or your skin need to be addressed by your physician.
The Obagi Blue Peel is an in-office procedure designed to significantly improve the appearance and health of your skin. Using a low concentration of the chemical thrichloroacetic acid (TCA) mixed with a special blue base to slow penetration, the Obagi Blue Peel allows your doctor to monitor the appropriate depth to effectively remove the surface layers of aged and damaged skin from the face or other parts of the body. These dead skin cells are replaced by healthier ones, allowing the skin's own clarity and tightness to resurface.
The Obagi Blue Peel is typically performed on the face but can also be performed on the neck, chest, hands, back, arms and legs and is designed to work in conjunction with the Obagi Nuderm System.
There are many treatment options used in the care of warts, moles and skin tags. These may include excisions, biopsies and laser treatment. An analysis of the specific condition would be conducted to determine the best course of treatment.
Extreme underarm sweating that is not managed by topical agents can be treated with BOTOX. The BOTOX treatment helps control the sweating condition by temporarily blocking the signals from the nerves that stimulate the sweat glands. Without the signals, the severe sweating stops.
The procedure involves injecting a small amount of BOTOX solution into the underarm area with a fine needle. The only discomfort may be from the injection needle. The affected area will receive multiple injections for the best results. Patients usually notice a significant reduction in underarm sweating within four weeks of the first treatment. The effects of BOTOX are temporary and will last approximately six months before another treatment would need to be considered.
Laser hair removal results in the reduction of unwanted hair, as the laser emits a beam of light that is absorbed only by the hair follicle, leaving the skin unharmed. The light beam delivers energy which is absorbed in the hair and transformed to heat. The heat destroys the hair follicle within a fraction of a second.Vaniqa® (eflornithine HCI) Cream, 13.9%
VANIQA® is the first and only prescription cream that's clinically proven to reduce the growth of unwanted facial hair. VANIQA® is appropriate for all skin types and is well tolerated. VANIQA® is intended to be used along with your regular hair-removal method.
Parkinson Dermatology offers tattoo removal by using laser technology. Laser works differently depending on the condition being treated. It simply works with a series of light pulses that target the energy. When treating skin discolorations such as tattoos (and brown spots) the laser energy is selectively absorbed by the pigment causing it to fragment into smaller particles that can be processed by the body.
Multiple treatments are always required and treatment sessions are usually spaced at 4-12 month intervals depending on the shape, size, color and location of the tattoo. An office consultation is required to determine treatment plan and cost.